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Writing Sugar Documentation with a Neural Network

Believe it or not, Sugar has documentation. But what if we could have more documentation? Maybe we could use a Recurrent Neural Network to learn form the docs that we already wrote, to write new docs? We'll, you can't say no if you don't try!

Let's do it!

We are going to use a library called Torch RNN, which basically does everything for us:

docker pull crisbal/torch-rnn:base
mkdir -p $HOME/torch-rnn/sugar-data/
cd $HOME/torch-rnn/sugar-data/
sudo chcon -Rt svirt_sandbox_file_t $HOME/torch-rnn/sugar-data/

sudo docker run --rm --tty=true --interactive=true --volume $HOME/torch-rnn/sugar-data:/data crisbal/torch-rnn:base bash
# Now we are running inside the pre-setup docker container

Great, not quit the docker container, we'll come back to that later. We first need to extract the data from the help activity into a single text file to train our network:

git clone https://github.com/godiard/help-activity --depth=1
find help-activity/source/ -type f -name '*.rst' -print0 | xargs -0 cat > input.txt

If you open the input.txt file, you will see that it is a pile of help documentation text. This will be used to train our network. Go back into the docker container (docker run ... from above) and now we can train the network:

# python scripts/preprocess.py --input_txt /data/input.txt --output_h5 data/input.h5 --output_json data/input.json
Total vocabulary size: 117
Total tokens in file: 361025
  Training size: 288821
  Val size: 36102
  Test size: 36102
Using dtype  <type 'numpy.uint8'>

# th train.lua -input_h5 data/input.h5 -input_json data/input.json -gpu -1
Epoch 1.01 / 50, i = 1 / 5750, loss = 4.752145
Epoch 1.02 / 50, i = 2 / 5750, loss = 4.644123
Epoch 1.03 / 50, i = 3 / 5750, loss = 4.498253
...a.long.time...
Epoch 4.13 / 50, i = 360 / 5750, loss = 2.037364
...ultrabook.not.so.ultra.now...
Epoch 5.16 / 50, i = 478 / 5750, loss = 1.796518
...graphics.card.would.have.been.good...
Epoch 5.81 / 50, i = 553 / 5750, loss = 1.690430

While you're waiting, now is the right time to check out Presenter Club. With Presenter Club, you can make great presentations, faster - even faster than training this network! Presenter Club is the only speech first presentation app. Best of all, it is free as in price and free as in AGPLv3. Sign up for free while you wait!

Results

So training the model is really slow. How slow? It took a good hour or longer on my laptop. Fun fact - if you thought your laptop was slow because it took long to compile WebKit, your laptop is not the best for machine learning :(

I trained it up to checkpoint 5750 (all the way until the training script stopped!). Then I generated a few examples from the following seeds:

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So this is just random text for the most part. But it is important to appreciate what the network has been able to learn even with our tiny dataset:

Conclusion

So, this technology is probably not yet ready to replace our actual documentation, or even the contribitions of some GCI students! But this just highlights how exciting machine learning is. Problems that traditional programmers thought of as "hard" - like image clasification or translation - are now just as easy as collecting a training dataset. If you want a function approximated, then machine learning is your friend.

VC firms have said that mobile is eating the world, wearables are the future, IoT will change everything, and VR will eat the world. Not every claim has panned out for them. But I'm going to place my bets that machine learning is not only the future, but the past and present. We live in very exciting times.


Comments, thoughts? Mail them to sam@sam.today. I would love to hear them!

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